Musical theory of musical notation, musical pedagogy

MUSIC a type of art in which organized means of musical sounds serve as a means of embodiment of artistic images. The basic elements and expressive means of music are the fret, rhythm, meter, tempo, loud dynamics, timbre, melody, harmony, polyphony, instrumentation. Music is recorded in musical notation and is realized in the process of performance. The division of music into secular and spiritual is accepted. The main area of ​​sacred music is cult (the oldest surviving today is the music of Buddhist ritual). The development of the European musical theory of musical notation, musical pedagogy, is associated with European cult music (usually called church music). By performing means, music is divided into vocal (singing), instrumental and vocal-instrumental. Music is often combined with choreography, theatrical art, and cinema. Distinguish music with one voice (monody) and polyphonic (homophony, polyphony). Music is divided into: genera and types – theatrical (opera, etc.), symphonic, chamber, etc .; to genres – song, choral, dance, march, symphony, suite, sonata, etc. Musical works are characterized by certain, relatively stable typical structures.

Musical theory of musical notation

Musical Military marches

MARCH, a musical genre characterized by a strictly measured pace, a clear rhythm, peppy, courageous, heroic character. Provides synchronous movement of a large number of people. Military marches are created for a military (wind) orchestra. Used in opera and ballet, as well as an independent play. A special kind is the funeral march.

SYMPHONY (from Greek symphonia – consonance), a musical work for a symphony orchestra, written in a sonata cyclic form, is the highest form of instrumental music. Usually consists of 4 parts. The classical type of symphony has developed in con. 18 – beg. 19 centuries (Davido music).

SUITE (French suite, letter series, sequence), instrumental cyclical musical work of several contrasting parts musical work of several contrasting parts. The suite is distinguished from the sonata and symphony by the absence of strict regulation of the quantity, nature and order of the parts, close connection with the song and dance.

SONATA (ital. Sonata, from sonare – to sound), a musical genre, a work for one or several instruments, written in the form of a sonata cycle.


1) a complex of expressive means embodying a certain ideological and artistic content in a musical work.

2) The structure, structure of a musical work. In each piece, the musical form is individual, but its relatively stable types of various scales exist – period, simple and complex two-part, simple and complex three-part forms, variations, rondo, sonata form, etc. The smallest semantic and structural unit of a musical form is a motive; two or more motives form a phrase, a sentence is formed from phrases; two sentences often form a period (usually 8 or 16 measures). In the form of a period, the themes of a musical work are usually outlined. The main principles of shaping are the presentation of thematic material (exposition), its exact or varied repetition, development, comparison with new topics; repetition of the previously stated material after the section developing it or based on new material (reprise).

We are surrounded by music everywhere. It has become so integrated into all aspects of our lives that we cannot even fully understand how important this art has become in people’s lives and how magically it affects us. We turn on the music to relax or get distracted, we hear it on the radio, in the movies and on television, in advertising and just outside.

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